(12) In some NENA dialects the brand new preterite away from Group II verbs has actually an excellent vocalism (m)CoCiC- or (m)CuCiC- which has no precursor datingranking.net/de/netz/ in the last dialects. Noldeke (1868, 213) advised that progressive form is actually linked to the fresh new Hebrew pual. Examples: Aradhin mbusille ‘he cooked’ (Krotkoff 1982, 136), Tkhuma mso:re:li ‘I began’, Jilu +poltele ‘he got they out’ (Fox 1992, 54). Variations with o or you try missing additional NENA and then have in many of your own NENA languages: Hertevin, Sanandaj Religious, and you will Halabja: Halabja bqirraxun ‘you (pl.) asked’, Hertevin bqerre ‘he asked’ (Jastrow 1988, 206).
(13) The general introduce was marked from the a prefix in every NENA except Hertevin as well as in Mandaic plus in Turoyo. The latest prefix takes one of around three versions: (a) k- to your the verbs (cutting-edge so you can c- in the Urmi, longer to help you ko- in advance of consonants from inside the Turoyo, along with Zakho getting g- before a spoken phoneme); (b) k- however, only with the a limited category of verbs (which includes voicing assimilation and often most other change as well); or (c) i- on all of the verbs.
Examples: (a) Zakho k-xaze ‘he sees’, g-emir ‘he says’ (Meehan and you may Alon 1979, 182), Urmi csader ‘he sends’ (Hetzron 1969, 115), Turoyo kohoze ‘he sees’, Tisqopa ksaqIl ‘he takes’ (Rubba, private interaction); (b) Halabja k-ImrIx-wa ‘we perform say’, however, doqIx-wa-ce ‘we create observe it’, Azerbaijan k-xil ‘he takes, often eat’, however, sate ‘he beverages, will, will get drink’ (Garbell 1965, 66, 67); (c) Aradhin i-zare:la ‘he tills it’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70), Jilu i-napli baro ‘they chase her’ (Fox 1992, 55).
The newest k- prefix appears to be an emergency of one’s prefix qa- out-of BT, as in this new common qatane ‘he teaches’. age ‘stands’. In certain east dialects the brand new shipments regarding k- has become limited to a tiny family of verbs (Garbell 1965, 65). In others, it’s vanished and become replaced because of the a unique prefix i-, and that probably started as a lower version of we[Theta] ‘there is’.
Examples: Halabja geznawa ta knista ‘I would go to the newest synagogue’, Aradhin tla t-sapri ‘to wait’, Jilu zIlli l-yawa zuze tla weil kIcca ‘I decided to go to offer money to help you a good girl’, Tisqopa [Theta]e:li ta di-mbaslan ‘I (fem
(14) The verb ‘give’ is actually yehav when you look at the BT, and you can yav for the Syriac. This has been remade in every NENA dialects from the incorporation of the adopting the l- ‘to’. New vital, that has been hav during the Syriac and you can BT, try hal (Noldeke 1868, 256) in every NENA wherein We have recommendations, but not for the Turoyo otherwise Mandaic.
(15) In most NENA, the newest just one imperative off qyama ‘get up’ has lost the latest m: Aradhin qu (Krotkoff 1982, 145), Sanandaj Religious qu (Panoussi, 110). The fresh new plural, but not, holds the brand new m.
(16) In all NENA, the fresh crucial out of (i)zala ‘go’ try unpredictable: Aradhin lorsque (Krotkoff 1982, 147), Sanandaj Christian state (Panoussi 119), Jilu se, Jewish Azerbaijani quand (Garbell 1965, 285).
(17) All over NENA, a number of different words can be used once the legs for reflexive pronouns such as for instance ‘myself’. They are: ruh- within the Hertevin along with Turoyo, nos- from the about three easternmost Jewish dialects, and you will gyan- about remaining languages: Hertevin ruhan ‘ourselves’ (Jastrow 1988, 197), Zakho qtala gyane ‘beating himself’ (Meehan and Alon 1982, 181), Halabja nosan ‘ourselves’.
It qa- try in itself a good contraction out of qa?
(18) A different sort of preposition meaning ‘to’ or ‘for’ which will take the proper execution ta, tla, or tla are extensive, whether or not not universal, inside NENA, however included in Mandaic otherwise Turoyo. ) came to cook’ (Rubba, personal interaction), Zakho cuxa la psIxle darga tale ‘no one established the door in order to him’ (Meehan and Alon 1979, 182).